Should you monitor nests and keep records?
You've done it!  You've chosen a good project site.  You've built boxes and located
them properly.  And Tree Swallows have found them.  Now you can enjoy the birds.  

You could simply leave your swallows alone, watching and listening from a distance,
gratified that you've given them homes, and if this is what you want, it's fine.  However,
you may want to go further, to look closer into the birds' lives, note the progression of
nest building, count eggs as they're laid, marvel at how fast nestlings grow and
develop, and thrill to see newly-fledged juveniles flutter over the fields and wetlands.  

Much of the pleasure of Tree Swallow projects comes from the uniquely close
observations these birds allow, and for many people monitoring nests and keeping
records is an essential part of their enjoyment.  They like to check boxes and record
progress of each nest attempt, and to measure reproductive performance of
individuals and age classes.  They like to compare seasons to get a sense of long
term trends at their site.  They take pride in contributing to the overall knowledge of
the species by sending their nesting data to
NestWatch for the US or Project
NestWatch for Canada.  

There’s really no doubt, systematic monitoring and record keeping will help structure
and expand your experiences.  Plus, keeping tabs on things can also make your
swallows’ nesting attempts safer and more productive by revealing problems early, so
they can be dealt with in a timely manner.  Therefore, although monitoring is optional,
we urge you to consider doing it.  Once you get used to it, you’ll be glad you did.  
Believe it or not, it’s fun!

What are "basic data?"
Basic data are commonly recorded measures of aspects of nesting, including:  
  • Species using each box.
  • Number of nesting attempts.
  • Occupancy rate: % of boxes that had nesting attempts.
  • Egg data: clutch start and completion dates, number eggs laid, clutch size
    average and range.
  • Nestling data: number and % of eggs that hatched, brood average number and
    range at hatching and again at 12 days.
  • Fledging: number fledged, % of eggs laid that fledged, and % of nestlings
    hatched that fledged.
  • Mortality: causes of egg, nestling, and adult mortality, when known.

Data is accumulated gradually over the nesting season and involves use of
four record sheets:
  • Box Check Records: Sheets for recording box contents on each visit.
  • Nest Box Records: Running logs of the progress of individual nesting attempts
    over time.
  • Control Sheet: A single master sheet outlining the status of nesting attempts.  
    It also determines dates when boxes should be checked.
  • Season Summary: An annual "report card" compiled at the end of nesting.

The four pages listed above link to examples of each type of sheet, where their use is
explained.  You can use our formats, which are adapted from ones used at the
Point Bird Observatory, develop your own, or try ones offered through sources such
Nestwatch or in the Golondrinas Handbook.

Monitoring Tree Swallow Nests and Keeping Records
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